Malang is the eighth largest city of the Indonesian island of Java. It is located in the eastern part of the island. Malang is surrounded by the regions tumpang, Batu, Singosari, and Turen. At the time of the Asian crisis, the city was largely spared from the impact and was able to develop unhindered. During the Dutch colonial period and because of its proximity to the port of Surabaya Malang was a popular tourist destination in Indonesia living Europeans.