Hong Kong, abbr .: HK (Chinese 香港, pinyin Xiānggǎng, Jyutping Hoeng1gong2 edge. Guangdong Hêng1gong2, Yale Hēunggóng, English Hong Kong, Fragrant Harbor ', abbr .: 港) is a city and special administrative region on the southern coast of the People's Republic of China at the mouth of the Pearl River. With more than seven million inhabitants on 1,104 square kilometers and a major economic and financial sector Hong Kong is one of the world's cities. 95 percent of Hong Kong residents are of Chinese descent with mostly Cantonese language. Hong Kong was occupied during the First Opium War in 1841 by the United Kingdom and explained by the Treaty of Nanking in 1843 a British Crown Colony. For many Chinese, the British colony was a refuge from the Chinese civil war from 1927 to 1949 and emerged from communist People's Republic of China. In 1997, the handover of sovereignty to the People's Republic of China took place. Since Hong Kong is a Chinese special administrative region while maintaining a free market economy and high internal autonomy. The most densely populated areas are the Kowloon Peninsula and the north of Hong Kong Iceland, which are separated by the narrow Strait of Victoria Harbor. To the New Territories include the original hinterland north of Kowloon, which accounts for the largest area of Hong Kong, and most of the 263 islands of Hong Kong. The largest island of Hong Kong's Lantau Iceland, also of Hong Kong International Airport, on the island of Chek Lap Kok, is in the vicinity. Population growth and the low buildable area of Hong Kong led to large-scale land reclamation by reclaiming the sea, and the emergence of a skyline of skyscrapers. After the establishment of several planned cities in the second half of the 20th century half of the population lives in Hong Kong's New Territories. Hong Kong is one of the cities with the world's highest cost of living.
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