Ghana [Gana] is a country in West Africa that borders the Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Togo and on the south by the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean). Its area is almost as large as the United Kingdom, with its history is closely linked through the colonial period. With the name Ghana was historically a connection with "Ghana", the first name detectable empire in West Africa, are produced. The 1966 finished Lake Volta is the largest lake in the country and to this day the largest surface artificial waters of the earth. The construction of the Akosombo Dam, the Nkrumah government pursued the plan to secure energy supply for economic development and industrialization of Ghana. World economically important Ghana because of its mineral wealth. Gold, which gave the former colony the name "Gold Coast", is Ghana's most important export. About a third of export earnings and 93\% of production in the mining sector are related to the promotion of gold.
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