Wolfsburg is a county-level city in the east of Lower Saxony. The city was founded in 1938 as the seat of the Volkswagen plant, has around 125,000 inhabitants, is the fifth largest city in Lower Saxony. Wolfsburg is one of the few towns founded in the first half of the 20th century in Germany. By May 1945, the city was known as the city of KdF Car near Fallersleben. The city was designed as a residence for the employees of the Volkswagen plant in which the KdF car - the later VW Beetle - should be produced. In 1972, the population exceeded the limit of 100,000, making Wolfsburg became the big city. In 2010, the gross domestic product per capita was the highest of all German cities. Wolfsburg together with the cities of Braunschweig and Salzgitter one of the nine regional centers in Lower Saxony and belongs to the Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg. The nearest large towns are Braunschweig approximately 26 kilometers southwest, Magdeburg about 64 kilometers southeast and Hanover about 74 kilometers west.