Schweinfurt (Franconia Schweifädd) is a county-level city in Bavaria (Administrative district Lower Franconia). The river city is the administrative center of the district of Schweinfurt, regional center, academic, school, administrative city and the Franconian wine-growing town. In the year 791 Schweinfurt was first mentioned as Suuinfurtero marcu documented and was imperial city from the 12th century to the 1802nd In the 21st century Schweinfurt profiled as a city of art and promotes since then with the slogan industry and art. Schweinfurt is considered the world capital of ball bearings and is now the most important industrial city in northern Bavaria and center of European Bearing Manufacturers. The city had in 2010, according to the Institute of German Economy the highest GDP Bavaria and here was in Germany to Wolfsburg and Frankfurt in third place. The catchment area of the city is the region Main-Rhon in the eastern Lower Franconia with 432,000 inhabitants (2015) and South Thuringia. In the municipal reform in Bavaria Schweinfurt was one of the few cities in which no suburbs were incorporated. The agglomeration is 2011 96.958 inhabitants according to the census of 5 September. The city is located here at the 83rd place in Germany. Several important inventions come from Schweinfurt: Useful bearings from Friedrich Fischer (1884), bicycle freewheel (1889), and coaster brake (1903) by Ernst Sachs, the mother of the label, the mark of genuine leather (around 1960) and the modern inline skates (1978) SKF. In Schweinfurt, the oldest continually existing natural researching academy in the world, the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina was founded 1652nd Today it is based in Halle (Saale) and was 2008 National Academy of Sciences.
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