Rheinfelden (Swiss German: Rhyfälde, ɾiːˌfældə) is a small town and municipality in Switzerland and capital of the district in the canton of Aargau. The regional center of Fricktal region lies on the Upper Rhine on the border with Germany, on the eastern edge of the metropolitan area of the city of Basel. Rheinfelden is a little more than 13,000 inhabitants, the sixth largest city in Aargau. It is economic and social ties with the city of Rheinfelden (Baden) connected across the German side of the Rhine, which emerged at the end of the 19th century and bears since 1922 the same name. On a river island, the stone castle, the seat of the counts of Rheinfelden originated in the 10th century. From a market town on the south bank of the Rhine evolved over the 12th century, during the rule of the Zähringer, a fortified city. The castle was for several decades the main residence of the Habsburgs, while the city of 1218-1330 and from 1415 was rich free until 1439 permanently came finally under Habsburg and Austrian rule. Rheinfelden was directly affected by the consequences of the Thirty Years War and after the Battle of Rheinfelden 1638-1650 by Swedish and French troops occupied. conquered by France in 1797, 1802 reached the city of Switzerland and is since 1803 the district capital in the canton of Aargau. Since the 1970s, the population grew sharply when the city became a part of the agglomeration of Basel. Major economic factors are the production of beer (the brewery Feldschlösschen based here is the largest in Switzerland) and the reduction of extensive salt deposits by the Saline Riburg. The produced during mining of salt brine allowed the mid-19th century, the development of Rheinfelden to a spa, which gradually adapted itself to the requirements of modern tourism and is now mainly focused on treatment and rehabilitation.
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