Leipzig ([laɪ̯pt͡sɪç]; dialect Leibz'sch) is a county-level and the largest city in Saxony. With an increase in the population of more than 18,000 between late 2014 and late February 2016, it is the fastest growing city in Germany and with over 570,000 inhabitants (31 March 2016) the tenth largest city in the country Deutschland.Für it is central Germany a historic center of the economy , of trade and commerce, government, culture and education as well as for "creative scene." Leipzig is one of six regional centers of Saxony and forms with the approximately 32 kilometers from city Halle (Saale) in Saxony-Anhalt the conurbation Leipzig-Halle, about 1.1 million people live. With Hall and other cities in the states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia Leipzig is part of the polycentric metropolitan region of central Germany. After presentation of the town charter and market privileges in the year 1165, Leipzig developed already during the German Ostsiedlung an important trading center. Leipzig's tradition as an important trade fair location in Central Europe with one of the oldest fairs in the world goes back to the year 1190 and was closely linked to the long-term role of Leipzig as an international center of the fur trade. Therefore Leipzig was officially renamed the kingdom city of Leipzig on 20 December 1937th The city is a historic center of printing and trafficking. Also located in Leipzig one of the oldest universities and the oldest universities in both commercial as well as for music in Germany. Leipzig has a great musical tradition that dates back mainly to the work of Johann Sebastian Bach and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy and today relies also on the importance of the Gewandhaus Orchestra and the St. Thomas Boys Choir. As part of the Monday demonstrations in 1989 that gave a decisive impetus for the turnaround in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Leipzig was named Hero City. The informal award for so bold as peaceful use of many citizens of Leipzig, including Kurt Masur in the context of the Leipzig Nikolai Church coined the reputation of the city after the turn, and be found in city marketing under the slogan "Leipziger Freiheit". In addition, Leipzig is known for its wealth of consuming restored or reconstructed cultural monuments and urban channels, the species-rich zoo as well as the resulting by reclamation former lignite mines Leipzig New.