Hoyerswerda, Upper Sorbian Wojerecy? / I, is a large district in the Saxon district of Bautzen. The third largest city in the Upper Lausitz is located about 35 km south of Cottbus and 55 km northeast of Dresden in the Sorbian settlement area. The town is part of the upper central cities network Bautzen, Görlitz and Hoyerswerda in Saxony. The settlement, which received its town charter in 1423, probably existed since the 12th century. However Hoyerswerda remained a small town until the 1950s. Only with the development of Braunkohleabbau-, -verarbeitungs- and -veredelungsstandorte the "energy district" Cottbus after the destruction of the city in World War II learned Hoyerswerda large urban extensions. It emerged that characterized by bricks residential complexes, the population has multiplied by about 7,000 people after the Second World War to more than 70,000. With the economic changes of the German reunification a strong population decline set in, so that in spite of large incorporations just under 35,000 people live in the city today. In 1991, the racial riots articulated in Hoyerswerda nationwide and international attention to the city.
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