The city of Forchheim is a large district in the south of the northern Bavarian administrative district of Upper Franconia on the Main-Danube Canal. It is the seat of the district administration of the district Forchheim. The nearest large towns are about 14 km south of Erlangen, Bamberg about 23 km north-west, Würzburg about 80 km west of Bayreuth and about 45 km to the east. Forchheim belongs to since April 2005, the European Metropolitan Region Nuremberg. It is an ancient royal city and is also called "to the Franconian Switzerland gate".