Erding is located eastern city limits and 36 kilometers southwest of Landshut an old Bavarian duke city, 36 kilometers northeast of Munich. Erding is a district town in the same county in the district of Upper Bavaria. Erding is with 36,159 inhabitants in one of the most promising districts of Germany, as an examination of the "Berlin Institute for World Population and Global Development" from 2004 shows (second best rating to Eichstätt) - thus Munich Airport plays an important role in the economic development.