Bretten is a city in western Kraichgau, about 23 km northeast of Karlsruhe in Baden-Wuerttemberg. It is to Bruchsal Ettlingen and the third largest town of the district of Karlsruhe and is a center for the surrounding communities. Since January 1, 1975 Bretten is large district. With the neighboring village of Gondelsheim Bretten has administrative matters. Berühmtester son of the city is the church reformer and Luther contemporary Philipp Melanchthon, why Bretten "Melanchthon city" called. 2015 Melanchthon city Bretten the honorary title of "European City of the Reformation" by the Community of Protestant Churches was awarded in Europe.