Berchtesgaden is a market in the district of Berchtesgaden in the extreme southeast of the Bavarian administrative district of Upper Bavaria. As a regional center of the southern part of the district of Berchtesgaden it belongs regional planning for the planning region of South East Upper Bavaria, in the currently Rosenheim is the only regional center. Traunstein and the Cross-Border Austrian Salzburg partially perceive upper central functions. County seat and nearest large town of Bad Reichenhall, the nearest large town in Germany's Munich. First mentioned as a monastery Foundation berthercatmen in 1102, the pen was in 1156 granted the forestry authority and thus also the mining freedom on salt and metal. Salt and metal recovery ensured a first economic boom and let grow up the place a market. The provosts of Augustinian canons widened it out to the main town of a little spiritual territory which formed the spiritual and secular center of a prince provost of the same name from 1559 to 1803. Mid-19th century was Berchtesgaden thanks to its attractions and natural monuments into a tourist destination with rapidly growing customer numbers. The upswing continued after the Second World War continued, at first especially because of the driver's restriction area in its Gnotschaft Obersalzberg and the related role of Berchtesgaden in the era of National Socialism. Here, the Obersalzberg located on the same mountain was not only "pilgrimage for die-hards" but remains one regularly visits program American Salzburg tourists. However, since the 1990s, customer numbers are declining, and the community is looking to distinguish themselves with ecology and environmentally-friendly tourism.
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