Ethiopia [ʔɛtʰi̯oːpʰi̯ən] (amharic ኢትዮጵያ Ityop̣p̣əya from ancient Greek Αἰθιοπία Aithiopia) is an internal state in the Northeast Africa. At the time of the empire of Abyssinia, the country also known as Abyssinia (more rarely Abyssinia) was known. The country is bordered by Eritrea, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, Somalia and Djibouti. Ethiopia is the most populous and largest landlocked country in the world and a multi-ethnic state. The Human Development Index Ethiopia is stagnating at number 174 (as of 2014 a total of 188 countries assessed). A big obstacle to development in spite of great efforts the very high population growth (2.5-3.0\% annually) in a traditional rural environment in which often lack basic infrastructure. Ethiopia is one of the countries of origin of modern humans and the coffee and also has a 3,000-year-old known uninterrupted history. It is the only country in Africa that has never been occupied in its entire recorded history of foreign powers (except the former kingdom of Abyssinia during the Second World War by the Kingdom of Italy). This long period of largely undisturbed cultural and civilization development makes the country which has the highest number of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Africa, interesting for tourism. After the Second World War modernized Emperor Haile Selassie, the country partially. In 1974, the more than 800-year-old Empire went under. In 1991, after a civil war, the rebel alliance EPRDF came to power. The EPRDF has since established itself as the ruling party and governed under a federal system largely authoritarian.
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