Eritrea ([ʔeʁitʁeːa]; Tigrinya: ኤርትራ Ertra, Arabic إرتريا Iritriyyā) is a country in North Africa. It is bordered on the northwest by Sudan, on the south by Ethiopia, on the southeast by Djibouti and on the northeast by the Red Sea. The country's name derives from the ancient Greek Ἐρυθραία Erythraia, which dates back to the name ἐρυθρὰ [θάλασσα] Erythra [Thalassa], red [Sea] '. The proper name of Ertra Altäthiopisch bahïrä ertra, Red Sea ', also refers to this ancient Greek name of the Red Sea. The Eritrean highlands was the kingdom Medri Bahri with its capital Debarwa where Baher Negash prevailed, and the lowlands of Eritrea was more than 300 years an Ottoman and Egyptian colony with capital Massawa. Since 1890, Eritrea was an Italian colony. From 1941 the country was under British administration and was associated since 1952 with the then federal kingdom of Abyssinia in personal union before it was in 1961 incorporated as a province centralized Eritrea Ethiopian empire of Haile Selassie. After thirty years war of independence Eritrea in 1993 for the first time since 1961 again from Ethiopia independent. Today, the country has one of the form dominated by republican constitution and is politically since independence from the People's Front for Democracy and Justice, which emerged from the independence movement of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front. President Isaias Afwerki has since.
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