Costa Rica ([kostɑ rikɑ], Spanish for "rich coast") is a country in Central America, which is bordered to the north by Nicaragua and to the south by Panama. In the east it is bordered by the Caribbean Sea and the west by the Pacific Ocean. The country is considered one of the most advanced in Latin America. So the army was abolished in the 1950s for the development of education and health programs, the country will win more than 90\% of its energy needs from renewable sources and eco-tourism is strongly encouraged. Around 27\% of its land area under protection. Unlike many other countries in the region there is a stable democracy since the 1950s and was spared by early social policies of the widespread in Latin America of the 20th century problem of social unrest, civil wars and dictatorships. Given the then armed conflicts in neighboring countries, it declared 1983 its "permanent and active unarmed neutrality" and is also known as "the Switzerland of Central America".
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