The Democratic Republic of Congo (German [kʰɔŋgo], French [kɔgo]), 1971-1997 Zaire (fr. Zaire), abbreviated as DR Congo, Congo (Kinshasa) and Congo-Kinshasa, or simply the Congo, is a republic in Central Africa , It borders (from north clockwise) to the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, the Atlantic and the Republic of Congo. The DR Congo is to surface the second largest in population and the fourth largest country in Africa. The country is traversed by the Equator; It has a tropical climate. Large parts of the territory is covered by tropical rainforest. The approximately 80 million inhabitants can be divided into more than 200 ethnic groups. There is a great diversity of languages, the official language is French. About half of the population professes the Catholic Church, the other half is distributed over Kimbanguists, other Christian churches, traditional religions and Islam. The area of the present state came under Belgian colonial rule in 1885. The rule of Belgian King Leopold II. Is considered one of the most brutal colonial regime. After independence in 1960, it was ruled after several years of internal political conflicts for 32 years by Mobutu Sese Seko dictatorial. 1997 Mobutu was overthrown by the rebel leader Laurent-Désiré Kabila. On the change of power was followed by another civil war, which became known as the African World War due to the involvement of many African countries. a peace agreement was signed in 2002, but found in the east of the country to this day continue fighting took place. For the first time since 1965 2006 free elections were held. Despite its mineral wealth, the state counts, due to decades of exploitation, corruption, years of wars and constant increase in population, now one of the poorest countries in the world. In the Human Development Index of the United Nations, the Democratic Republic of Congo took over in 2013, the penultimate place, improved its HDI index, however since then.
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