Shenyang (Chinese 瀋陽 市 / 沈 阳 市, pinyin Shenyang Shì) is located in the northeast of the People's Republic of China and is the capital of Liaoning Province. It is the cultural and economic center of Northeast China. In European literature, the city is also known as Mukden (Manchurian:) known as the capital of Manchuria. Previous names of the city were shengjing (盛京) and Fengtian (奉天).