Guangzhou

Guangzhou (Exonym: Canton or Canton, Chinese 廣州 市 / 广州 市, pinyin Guǎngzhōu Shì, IPA (high Chinese) [kwɑŋ21ʈʂɔw5] Jyutping Gwong2zau1Si5, abbr .: 穗 Pinyin SUI) is a city in southern China with 11,114,200 residents in the geographical city and 12,751,400 inhabitants in the administrative city area (as of end of 2011). It is the capital of Guangdong Province and an important industrial and commercial location. The region is also known as "factory of the world". Guangzhou is the largest city in the Pearl River Delta, one of the largest contiguous urban landscapes (megalopolises) worldwide. For the Pearl River Delta are adjacent to Guangzhou, among others, the megacities Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Foshan, Jiangmen, Huizhou, Zhongshan and Zhuhai. Total live here on an area which corresponds approximately of Baden-Wuerttemberg, over 100 million people. The Germans in (and similar in other Western languages) used designation Canton goes back to the name of the Guangdong province. In China, Guangzhou is also called 穗 城 Suicheng (city of the ears) or 羊城 Yangcheng (City of goats). The landmark of the city is a statue of five goats. The proximity to Hong Kong has - had a positive impact on economic development - as in the whole Pearl River Delta. In Guangzhou, held twice a year - in spring and autumn - the Canton Fair, China's largest import and export trade, instead. In October 2010, the then highest TV tower in the world (Canton Tower, 600 m) was opened here in 2012, this record went to the Tokyo Skytree.

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