? Chile Chile / i [Cile], [t͜ʃiːle]; (Officially República de Chile, Chile German Republic) is a country in the southwest of South America and forms the western edge of the so-called Southern Cone (Cono Sur). It extends approximately in the north-south direction between the latitudes of 17 ° 30 'and 56 ° S 0' S; Thus, the north-south dimension is about 4,300 kilometers. In contrast, Chile extends west-east direction only between the 76th and the 64th degree of longitude. The country is bordered to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, to the north by Peru (on a length of 160 kilometers) to the northeast Bolivia (861 km) and to the east by Argentina (5308 km). The total length of borders is 6329 km. In addition territory includes Easter Island located in the Pacific (Rapa Nui), the island Salas y Gómez, the Juan Fernández Islands (including the Robinson Crusoe Island) that Desventuradas Islands and in the south the Ildefonso Islands and the Diego -Ramírez Islands. Further, Chile claiming a portion of Antarctica. Using the fully belonging to Chile Strait of Magellan, the country has access to the Atlantic Ocean. Chile occupied according to the UN report, ranked according to the Human Development Index, the 41st place and is thus within Latin America in the first place.
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