The Kingdom of Cambodia (Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ កម្ពុជា, Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa) is a country in Southeast Asia. The country lies on the Gulf of Thailand between Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. The capital Phnom Penh is located in the south of the country. The scenery is characterized by a central plane which is partially surrounded by mountains. In it lies in the west of Cambodia the Tonle Sap, through the east flows the Mekong, one of the ten longest rivers in the world. Cambodia has emerged from the realm Kambuja, which flourished from the 9th to the 15th century. Its ruins at Angkor, Roluos, Banteay Srei and Preah Vihear was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. After independence from colonial power France in 1953. Decades of civil wars which left many victims among the population and severe damage to the economy followed. Even the Vietnam War and the dictatorship of the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979 brought the country economic decline.
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