Burkina Faso (German pronunciation: [bʊɐ̯ˌkʰiːnafaːzo]), translated the land of upright people, is a West African country located south of the Niger arc, bordering Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana and the Ivory Coast. Gained its independence the country on August 5, 1960. Until August 4, 1984, the name of Upper Volta, which it received in his time as a French colony, is used. It was renamed by the panafrikanistisch-socialist-oriented president Thomas Sankara, who gained power after a period of political instability in 1983 in a revolution. Administrative and cultural capital of the counting approximately 18.9 million inhabitants the country is the metropolis of Ouagadougou central location. The predominantly flat landlocked country with shares in United countryside Sudan and the Sahel region is characterized by tropical climate and diverse savannah. About half of Burkina Faso (Burkinabe) belongs to the politically dominant ethnic group of Mossi who lived in several strictly hierarchical rich to the colonization by France in the late 19th century. In Burkina Faso, about 60 indigenous languages are spoken. Islam is in addition to traditional beliefs, the meistpraktizierte religion. Burkina Faso is one of the world's poorest countries, is characterized today but by a certain stability and the cultural diversity of peaceful living together of ethnic groups. Recurrent droughts often make for great suffering of the population living mainly as farmers. President was 1987-2014 Blaise Compaoré, who ruled the country since the coup against Sankara semi authoritarian and had created stable conditions in favor of foreign investment. Burkina Faso inter alia: the bi-annual Pan-African Film Festival of FESPACO.
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