Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ, Bāṃlādeś [baŋlaˌd̪eʃ]; composition of Bangla, Bengali 'and desh, Land') is a country in South Asia. It is bordered on the south by the Bay of Bengal, on the southeast by Myanmar and is otherwise surrounded by the Indian states of Meghalaya, Tripura, West Bengal, Mizoram and Assam. With about 160 million inhabitants (2015) in an area of 147,570 square kilometers, it is by population eighth of the largest countries in the world, and ranked seven of the States population density. By area but it is now at number 92 of the medium sized states. The capital Dhaka is one of the fastest growing mega cities in the world, millions more cities are Chittagong and Khulna. Bangladesh occupies the eastern part of the historic region of Bengal, the result of the Muslim majority in 1947 in the partition of British India under the name East Pakistan to the eastern part of the country of Pakistan. In 1971, East Pakistan became independent under the name of Bangladesh following the Bangladesh war. The designation of a resident of the country is Bangladeshi. The country is the natural area dominated by the monsoon, the estuary of the rivers Brahmaputra, Ganges and Meghna with its vast wetlands and Sundarbans, as well as its location on the sea and the mostly flat lowlands. The combination of these features and the global sea level rise ensure frequent floods and consequential flooding of densely populated country.
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