Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

Aserbaidschan (aserbaidschanisch Azərbaycan) is an internal state in the Near East. Located between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus, it is bordered to the north by Russia (Dagestan) - and only here in Europe, in the northwest of Georgia, on the south by Iran, on the west by Armenia and - on the Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan - to the Turkey. The exclave of Nakhchivan is separated from Azerbaijan's heartland by an Armenian territory stripes. The capital of Azerbaijan is Baku (Azerbaijani Bakı), a major port city on the Caspian Sea. The total area of ​​the country is 86,600 km2. "Azerbaijan" originally referred to the further south Azerbaijan (Iran); however, said today's territory Arran and Albania. When the Russian Empire collapsed, the independent Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was proclaimed on May 28, 1918th The Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic was a part of state of the Soviet Union. They became independent in 1991.