The district St. Johann im Pongau is a District of the State of Salzburg. He is congruent with the Pongau, one of the five districts of the state. The name Pongau (Pongow, Pongowe) is first recorded in 788 in the two earliest Salzburg goods directories. had it refers to the area around Bischofshofen, insofar Duke of Bavaria Theudebert to 711 the local Cella Maximiliana (Maximilian cell) together with the surrounding area within a radius of three Roman miles St. Peter Monastery in Salzburg given. In the 12th century "Pongau" was probably also the name of Bischofshofen castle. Probably the term "Pongau" dates back to Roman times. In the 13th century Pongau included as a management area (county, comites) - probably belonged to the lords of Pongau, then (to 1243) at the time of Gutrater - including northern areas of the Tennen around the whole mountain range, but still without the southern Gastein Valley.
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