Mauthausen is a market town in Upper Austria in the district of Perg in Upper Austria on the western edge of the Mach country with 4847 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2016) and was until 31 December 2013 sitting of the District Court for the District of Mauthausen. Since 1 January 2014, the competent district court located in the city of Perg. The lying directly on the Danube market is located 15 km east of Linz at 265 m above sea level. A. The place was founded by the Babenbergs toll facility developed at a late 10th century and was first mentioned in 1192 as "Muthusin" documentary. 1335 are first mentioned in Urbar Market rights of Baumgartenberg which were later confirmed several times. 1505 a first Donaubrücke wood was built at Mauthausen, the later ferries (flying bridge) was replaced. Economic importance was Mauthausen as a stopover in the salt trade. Mauthausen was known in the 19th century by the current supplied from the Mauthausnerstraße stone industry in the great cities of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Mauthausnerstraße granite. Today's areal extension of the municipality was formed by the amalgamation of formerly independent cadastral Haid on November 1, 1938. Between 1938 and 1945, was located in the northeast of the municipality, the Mauthausen concentration camp, the largest concentration camp by the Nazis in Austria. Since the 1970s, numerous commercial companies settled along the Danube Street B 3, and directly at the Mauthausnerstraße Danube Bridges Shopping Center Donaupark Mauthausen emerged. With its location on the Danube and from the south leading into this Enns frequent floods and multiple floods were connected, most recently in 1954 and 2002, so in 2010 a mobile flood protection has been built as part of Machland dam.
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