Heidenreichstein is a town with a population of 4077 (as of January 1, 2016) in the district of Gmünd in the northwestern Waldviertel in Lower Austria. The municipality is located at an altitude of 561 m above sea level. A. about 20 kilometers north-east of the district capital Gmund, 16 kilometers south and 12 kilometers east of the border with the Czech Republic. the municipal area of 1932 raised the city former market Heidenreichstein was expanded to its present size through incorporations in the 1960s and 1970s and now consists of twelve cadastral that were previously partially autonomous communities. The name comes from Heidenreichstein one of the first Viscount, who was called Heidenreich. The privately owned and still inhabited castle Heidenreichstein is a moated castle and is considered a landmark of Heidenreichstein. The market is likely to be incurred as well as the castle in the last decades of the 12th century. In 1369 the town was designated as a market with its own seal. From the second half of the 19th century Heidenreichstein location of several companies, in particular the textile, wood, leather and metal processing industry were in the 20th century, interrupted by the war and inter-war period, for jobs in the region was. After the end of the occupation in 1955 expanded both the private small and medium enterprises as well as the members of the big banks industries. By the general structural change Heidenreichstein lost the end of the 1960s, its importance as an industrial and commercial city and has also suffered a significant decline in population from 1971 in addition to a significant reduction of workplaces offer.
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