Altaussee is a municipality with 1853 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2016) in the Styrian Salzkammergut in Austria. The municipality is located in the district of Liezen (jurisdiction Liezen) and includes 92 km ² large parts of the Ausseerlandes and the Dead Mountains. The place at the foot of the Losers is especially known as a spa town and is located directly on Lake Altaussee. The settlement history of Altaussee goes back to the time around 200 to 400 after Christ, with salt mining played a major role in the creation of the place. After the end of the Roman era, Slavs settled in the Ausseerland, which were gradually assimilated by Bavarian settlers from the 8th century. In the Middle Ages, the municipality was initially part of the sovereign rule Grauscharn-Pürgg, then the rule Pflindsberg. In the course of the 19th century, tourism appeared in the form of the summer resort and subsequently replaced mining as the most important economic factor. During the period of National Socialism, the place was incorporated into the administrative unit Oberdonau (Upper Austria), in 1948 he came back to Styria. From 1943 to 1945 there was an art depot in the salt mine Altaussee for Austrian and German art goods and Nazi-looted art from all over Europe. Altaussee is today one of the municipalities with the highest number of overnight stays in Liezen. The salt mine Altaussee is the largest salt mining town in Austria.