Mount Barker is a city in the southeast of the Australian state of South Australia. With 10,258 inhabitants (according to the 2006 census), it is the largest city in the Adelaide Hills and is located approximately 33 km southeast of the city center of Adelaide on the South Eastern Freeway. This is close enough to the South Australian capital that many people commute there, but also far enough away to feel at home in the countryside. The fast-growing satellite city is the administrative center of the Local Government Area Mount Barker Council and lies at the foot of a mountain of the same name, about 50 km from the Murray River. The area around the town was originally used for agriculture, but even though many plots of land on the outskirts are still designated as farmland today, they are increasingly being developed and urbanized in recent times. Mount Barker was discovered in 1830 by Captain Collet Barker, but was killed in 1831 by Aborigines. Captain Charles Sturt therefore named the city at its founding in 1834 after his dead comrade. Mount Barker has a police station, a Country Fire Service station, the Adelaide Hills State Emergency Service Center, an ambulance station and five bus lines. Mount Barker belongs to the constituency Mayo and to the state constituencies of Kavel and Heysen. The member of the Federal Parliament Jamie Briggs inherited in this constituency the former foreign minister Alexander Downer. On April 16, 2010, at 11:35 pm local time, Mount Barker was the epicenter of a magnitude 3.8 earthquake on the Richter scale.
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