Balranald Shire is a Local Government Area (LGA) in the Australian state of New South Wales. The area is 21,699 square kilometers and has about 2,300 inhabitants. Balranald is located in the southwest of the state on the border with Victoria on the Murray River about 850 kilometers west of Sydney, 530 kilometers east of Adelaide and 430 kilometers northwest of Melbourne. The area includes the following 24 villages and towns: Balranald, Banoon, Benanee, Bidura, Boree Plains, Brass Butt, Clare, Clare Alma, Corrong, Euston, Glen Dee, Hatfield, Manfred, mongoose, Penarie, Red Bang Weir, The Vale, Til til, Tin Tin, Tupra, Turlee and parts of Kyalite, Mossgiel and Oxley. The seat of the Shire Council is located in the town of Balranald on the southeast border of the LGA, where about 1,150 people live. Balranald was founded in the mid 19th century at a crossing of the Murrumbidgee River. Initially, the site has benefited to a small extent from the gold rush in Victoria, but only towards the end of the century by the cattle shipments from South Australia, with the establishment of a second river ferry and a customs station, the population grew to several hundred. In 1926 the city was connected by railway line with Victoria. The railway line no longer exists, it is located on Balranald Sturt Highway on the route between Sydney and Adelaide. Sheep farming is, then as now an important economic factor in the region, is added wheat and fruit growing in the river Middle areas. The forestry plays an important role. The northwest border of the Shires goes through the Willandra Lakes Region through, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The most important of the 17 dried up lakes, Lake Mungo, and the associated Mungo National Park lie in the field of Balnaranda and are interesting from an archaeological point of view. There, among others, the oldest fossils of human footprints are found worldwide.
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