Anglesea

The Anglesea power plant is a lignite-fired power plant located at Anglesea, Victoria in Australia, about 100 kilometers from Melbourne. It covers an area of ​​5 square kilometers of the Anglesea Heath, a biodiversity significant and a total of 67 square kilometers of nature reserve, which is registered in the Australian Register of the National Estate. The plant will provide 150 MW of power from a steam turbine and the attached generator, and deliver 40\% to the nearby Point Henry aluminum smelter, Alcoa World Alumina and Chemicals (AWAC). The power plant was put into operation on March 20, 1969 and burns lignite from the mine located next to the power plant, which is transported on a 3-kilometer private road from trucks to the power plant. The overburden is deposited and filled on the mining site with conveyor belts, which are loaded with wheel loaders and trucks. In 1955, the Roche Brothers carried out test drilling at Anglesea, which operated a mine near Wensleydale, whose coal reserves were exhausted. An extensive coal deposit was discovered 2 kilometers north of Anglesea, which began mining in 1059 to supply lignite to industry and institutions in the Geelong area. The mining rights were acquired by the Western Mining Corporation in 1961 to supply AWCA's proposed power plant. The Act of 1961 (called the Aluminum Agreement) grants AWAC an exclusive 50-year mining and exploration license covering an area of ​​7,350 ha in this region. After further drilling by WMC to the east of the original mine and closer to the power plant, a 50 million ton coal deposit was discovered. The thickness of this coal storage is about 140 meters, with a reserve of 70 million tons in a high-lying and 90 million tons in a lower-lying layer. In 1992, the ratio of overburden to coal with an average coal thickness of 27 meters reached a ratio of 2.5 to 1. In 2005, about 35 million tons of coal had been mined, of which about 1.1 million tons of lignite were produced annually in the steam turbine of the power plant which consumes 144 tonnes of pulverized lignite in one hour to generate electricity. The Anglesea coal has a high calorific value in power generation when mixed with other lignite. However, it leads to a high sulfur content of 3\%, which leads to high emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and pollutes the environment. The Carbon Monitoring for Action estimates that the plant emits about 1.21 million tons of greenhouse gas every year as a result of its lignite burning. The Anglesea power plant draws cooling water from six subterranean artesian wells that have been drilled and fed by rainwater.

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