Argentina (Spanish Argentina? / I [aɾxentina]) is a country in South America, the Southern Cone. The country's name derives from the Latin for silver - argentum - sometimes comes from the Spanish colonial period, when it was hoped to find precious metals here. Until its independence in 1816, it was part of the Spanish colonial empire. km² with an area of almost 2.8 million Argentina's eighth largest country in the world and the second largest in South America and the fourth largest in the Americas continent. Because of its large north-south extension, the regional share of several climate and vegetation zones. In terms of population, it is with about 43 million people in South America ranks third (after Brazil and Colombia) and across America in fifth place. Much of the population is concentrated in the metropolitan area of the City of Buenos Aires, which is considered an important cultural center of America, in which, among other things, the Argentine tango originated. Large parts of the dry and cold South, however, are only sparsely populated. Politically, Argentina is a presidential Federal Republic, called the individual constituent states, provinces, hold wide-ranging powers. Economically, agriculture and livestock plays a major role traditionally. International Argentina is often counted among the emerging markets. However, according to the levying by the United Nations Human Development Index, it is one of the very highly developed States since 2011th It belongs among the independent South American countries, together with Chile and Uruguay (Southern Cone) in the top group in terms of per capita gross domestic product (purchasing power parity). Income inequality (Gini coefficient) in 2009 by world standards relatively high but still below the average for Latin American countries.
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