Angola (German [Angola], Portuguese [ɐŋgɔlɐ]; on Kimbundu, Umbundu, and Kikongo Ngola called) is a country in southwest Africa. National Day is November 11, Independence (1975) day. Angola is bordered by Namibia, Zambia, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Atlantic Ocean - that pertains to Angola Cabinda enclave located in the north between the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Congo on the Atlantic. The name Angola derives from the title of kings Ngola of Ndongo, one east of Luanda situated vassal state of the historic Congo empire from. The region around Luanda received this name in the 16th century by the first Portuguese sailors, who landed at the city's coast and a Padrão, a stone cross, erected as a sign of taking possession of the Portuguese king. The term was extended late 17th century in the region around Benguela, then Portugal undertook in the 19th century to the (then not yet circumscribed) territory whose colonial occupation.
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