Algeria

Algeria

Algeria (Arabic الجزائر al-Dschazā'ir, DMG al-Ǧazā'ir, the islands', Tamazight and Algerian Arabic: ⴷⵣⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ dzayer or ⵍⵣⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ Ldzayer; officially al-Dschumhūrīya al-Dschazā'irīya ad Dīmūqrātīya ash-Scha'bīya / الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية / al-Ǧumhūriyya al-Ǧazā'iriyya ad Dīmūqrāṭiyya aš-Ša'biyya / people's Democratic Republic of Algeria 'on Tamazight ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵜⴰⵎⴻⴳⴷⴰⵢⵜ ⵜⴰⵖⴻⵔⴼⴰⵏⵜ ⵜⴰⵣⵣⴰⵢⵔⵉⵜ Tagduda tamegdayt taɣerfant tazzayri) is a country in northwest Africa. Algeria, the middle of the Maghreb countries, is - just ahead of the Democratic Republic of Congo - the largest state of the African continent. It is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean, on the west by Mauritania, Morocco and the Western Sahara occupied by Morocco, on the south by Mali and Niger and in the east on Libya and Tunisia. The country is its capital, Algiers (French Alger) named. Algeria has been independent since 1962 (Algerian War from 1954 to 1962) and has a semipräsidientielles system of government (Constitution of 1996).