Afghanistan (Pashtun and Persian (Dari) افغانستان Afghanestan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan) is a landlocked country of South Asia at the intersection of South Central Asia, which borders Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China and Pakistan. Three quarters of the country consist of hard to reach mountainous regions. After the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1979 defeated - funded by the United States and Saudi Arabia - the Mujahideen supported by the Soviet Union government. However, the division of power areas failed due to rivalries; the fundamentalist Islamic Taliban militia came to power and put a radical interpretation of Islam and especially the Sharia with all the hardship. After the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001 in the United States, the Taliban regime, which had granted members of terrorist organizations refuge was overthrown on terror in the decisive run by the United States War. Since then, this war determines what happens. The country is an Islamic republic since of 2004. From 2004 to 2014 was president Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan. After the presidential election in 2014 Mohammad Ashraf Ghani was declared the winner and sworn in on September 29, 2014 as the new head of state.
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